Tolstoi, La Guerre et la Paix – intro

Une oeuvre majeure qui alterne les moments de paix et les moments de guerre, et les moments de guerre dans les moments de paix et de paix dans les moments de guerre.

Quand j’ai commencé à lire ce “roman-fresque historique” (on ne sait pas trop commence le premier genre et où se termine l’autre), j’ai été frappé par la richesse de ces descriptions, de ces stratégies et tactiques guerrières, du cynisme de ces salons où justesse rime avec gonflette et snobisme avec bêtise. On pourrait croire de premier abord à un livre structuré en 2 parties (salons et champs de bataille), de façon hermétique, dichotomique, via des transitions de plus en plus longues entre ces 2 thèmes. Il en est tout autrement – tout comme la musique. Très vite, en effet, de ce Ying et de ce Yang de départ, il en découle vite, non une zone grise, mais plutôt un pantone qui n’est pas uniquement propre à l’âme russe, mais à celle de l’âme humaine avec toutes ces subtilités.

Au moment d’écrire cet article, je ne suis qu’au début de cette sage (page 432- un gros cinquième/ quart de l’ensemble de ces 2 tomes) qui me donne à fortiori une impression balzacienne, tant l’œuvre est monumentale et condensée dans son côté sociologique.

Il y a eu plusieurs adaptations cinématographiques – dont une (russe) qui reprenait assez fortement et fidèlement (jusque la page 432 en tous les cas) le rythme du bouquin : il s’agit de la version par Serge Bondartchouk (film-série tourné en 1965-1967 – 503 min) – que vous pouvez louer chez Vidéo express à St-gilles ou probablement à la médiathèque. Le livre offre tout de même une dimension toute différente, (même si je le lis traduit en français), notamment dans le descriptif des batailles (magnifique dans le livre, réalistes et prisonnière de l’image dans le film (trop chaotique)).

Si vous désirez plus d’info, ci-dessous une petite sélection de liens web :
résumé 1
résumé 2 ; résumé 3 ; résumé 4 ; résumé 5

Si vous désirez lire le livre gratuitement et le télécharger en pdf, ou autres formats : faites votre recherche ici. Il s’agit d’une traduction “libre” de l’oeuvre de Tolstoi. Nous nous y référons avec préférence. Pour écouter des morceaux choisis en podcast, et vous imprégner d’une ambiance sonore, allez-y.

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